1936-1946 - 10 Centavos - Aztec Calendar
Centavo is a Spanish and Portuguese word, derived from the Latin centum, meaning "one hundred", and the suffix -avo, meaning "portion" or "fraction". Centavo means, strictly, "one-hundredth".
It is a fractional monetary unit, used to represent one hundredth of a basic monetary unit in many countries around the world
The Aztec calendar
The Aztec calendar is the calendar system that was used by the Aztecs as well as other Pre-Columbian peoples of central Mexico. It is one of the Mesoamerican calendars, sharing the basic structure of calendars from throughout ancient Mesoamerica.
The calendar consisted of a 365-day calendar cycle called xiuhpohualli (year count) and a 260-day ritual cycle called tonalpohualli (day count). These two cycles together formed a 52-year "century," sometimes called the "calendar round". The xiuhpohualli is considered to be the agricultural calendar, since it is based on the sun, and the tonalpohualli is considered to be the sacred calendar.
The calendric year may have begun at some point in the distant past with the first appearance of the Pleiades (Tianquiztli) asterism in the east immediately before the dawn light. (See heliacal rising.) But due to the precession of the Earth's axis, it fell out of favor to a more constant reference point such as a solstice or equinox. Early Spanish chroniclers recorded it being celebrated in proximity with the Spring equinox.
Mexico: 10 Centavos 1936-1946 Aztec Calendar
In 1936, a new 10 centavos coin with a composition of copper-nickel was introduced as a replacement for the previous larger bronze 10 centavos coin and smaller 10 centavos silver coin which were both circulating at the same time.
All coins were minted at the Mexico City Mint from 1936 to 1946 but no coins were issued in 1941.
The obverse design features the Mexican coat of arms, an eagle clutching a snake while it perches on a prickly pear cactus. On the outer periphery is the phrase “ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS” or as translated to English “United Mexican States”.
The reverse design features the denomination “10 CENTAVOS” within the Aztec Stone Calendar. Above the denomination is the year of issue. All coins were minted at the Mexico City Mint and display an “M” mint mark in between the year of issue and denomination.
Year Mintage Proof Mintage Notes
1937 3,000,000 Key
1938 3,650,000 Semi-key
10 Centavos Features
Value 10 Centavos (0.10 MXP)
Weight 5.5 g
Diameter 23.5 mm
Thickness 1.75 mm
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Quick Coinage Facts
Years Minted: 1936-1946
Diameter: 23.5 mm
Weight: 5.5 grams
Total Series Mintage: 129,068,000
Obverse Design: National Arms
Reverse Design: Denomination